What Is Diabetes & What Are The Types of Diabetes
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is characterized by an abnormally high level of glucose in the bloodstream. The pancreas produces insulin, which the body uses to lower blood glucose levels. Diabetes develops when a person’s pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
Diabetes symptoms include extreme hunger and thirst, an increased need to urinate, and fatigue. The best way to find out if you have diabetes is to have a blood sugar test, also known as a Glucose Tolerance Test.
What Are The Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is the most severe. It is typically treated with dietary restrictions, exercise, and, on rare occasions, insulin. Before insulin is added, type 1 diabetes is usually treated with a special diet, exercise, and a weight loss plan. This type of diabetes is classified as insulin-dependent.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes, a less severe form of diabetes, is first treated with a diabetic diet, exercise, and weight loss. If these measures fail to control blood sugar and insulin levels, oral medications may be added. If these options are also unsuccessful, insulin is considered. Type 2 diabetes is more common in older adults, which is why it is also known as Late-Onset Diabetes. In this case, the pancreas still produces the right levels of insulin but the body has become resistant to it.
If Type 2 diabetes runs in the family, it is possible to postpone its onset. You can manage by losing weight, getting enough exercise, and controlling your diet. If Type 2 diabetes is not treated, it can lead to the same complications as Type 1 diabetes.
Pregnant women can develop gestational diabetes. Normally, it goes away after the baby is born; however, treating the mother to stabilize her blood glucose levels reduces the risk of complications for both the baby and the mother.
Juvenile Onset Diabetes
Juvenile Onset diabetes is another major form of diabetes that affects many children. It is believed to be the onset of Type 1 diabetes. If a child is showing even a few of the symptoms of diabetes, it’s vital that they be checked by a doctor. It is estimated that over two million adolescents are in the pre-diabetes stage.
This is mostly due to being overweight. In this condition, blood glucose levels are high but not high enough to be considered diabetes. Teens usually develop this between the ages of 12 and 19.
How To Manage Diabetes
Keeping blood glucose levels in a healthy range will help prevent both short-term and long-term complications in all types of diabetes.
People with type 1 diabetes must also take insulin injections on a regular basis for the rest of their lives.
Because type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, medication, usually in the form of tablets, may be required at some point.
Diabetes management differs depending on the type of diabetes and the individual. It is critical to consult with your doctor or health care provider on a regular basis.
If you or another person has a medical problem, you should see your doctor or seek other professional medical treatment right away. Never disregard professional medical advice or put it off because of something you read on this blog, website, or in any linked materials.