Survival Guide & Skills: 10 Tips For Camping & Outdoor Activities

Survival Guide: 10 Tips For Camping & Outdoor Activities

Knowing the essential survival skills

While it’s exciting to plan for a wilderness hike or adventure with family or friends, we must be aware and be prepared for possible accidents and dangers.

In a survival scenario, hard skills, resiliency, and a strong will to live can get you through a variety of obstacles. Knowing the essential wilderness survival advice that could mean the difference between life and death in dangerous situations.

The most important factor in wilderness survival is having the right knowledge and tools for the environment you’re in.

Be Prepared For The "What ifs”...

Think about the “what ifs” of your specific adventure. Wildlife encounters, changes in weather or travel conditions, technological glitches, an injury, or unexpected weather on the trail are all things to consider before venturing out.


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It’s critical to learn about the dangers in the area you want to explore. What are the wildlife hazards (things that can sting and bite) and environmental hazards (high and low temperatures, access to water) if you go hiking in the desert? What kinds of weather are you likely to encounter? What about flash flooding? Snow? Extreme heat?

The 10 Essential Things You Should Carry With You…

These are the ten essentials to have with you if you’re going on a long day hike or into unfamiliar territory. You should be prepared to survive most unexpected circumstances, in addition to having basic knowledge.

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  1. Map
  2. Compass
  3. Water (and a method for purifying water)
  4. Food
  5. Raingear and layers of warmth
  6. Headlamp/flashlight
  7. Sunglasses
  8. Sunscreen
  9. Firestarter (matches, lighter)
  10. Shelter for emergencies

The 10 Essential Survival Tips

These are the 10 essential survival skills that you should know as they will be very useful should there be an unexpected incident or if you are stranded during your adventure:

1. Water

A human can only survive for about three days without water.  Locating and collecting drinking water should be one of your top priorities. The water needs to be purified through boiling, or you can use a water filter or iodine tablets.  It’s important that you have enough water to stay hydrated.

2. Fire

You’ll need a fire to boil water, cook a meal, stay warm or keep wild animals away.  Use waterproof matches or firestarter to ignite tinder and kindling, or dry leaves, pine needles, or small pieces of wood.


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3. Shelter

Depending on the climate, weather, terrain, and available resources, you may want to build a temporary shelter to protect yourself from the elements. In cold weather, insulate your shelter to help you retain valuable body heat, and in hot, arid weather, provide sun protection to help you avoid dehydration.

4. Food

When possible, gather surplus supplies and diversify your diet as much as possible to provide your body with essential protein, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Forage for edible flowers, roots, and mushrooms; make snares for small game; or make fishing tools to catch fish.

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5. The "Rule of Three"

When forced into a survival mode, we need to consider the “rule of threes” – because an average human can survive three hours without shelter, three days without water, and three weeks without food. Although these timelines are somewhat subjective to the individual and the climate.

6. Hygiene

Bacteria, parasites, and pathogens can enter the body through open wounds and food. Practising cleanliness and good hygiene will reduce your chances of getting sick. Maintaining your health is critical because even a few days of bed rest can reduce your chances of survival and rapidly deplete your resources.

7. Keep Calm

Your mind is the most important survival tool because when faced with a life-or-death survival situation, the amygdala of the human brain releases stress hormones into the body, triggering a fight-or-flight response. Contrary to your instincts, take a moment to gather your thoughts—this will help you avoid unnecessary risks and reduce your energy expenditure.

8. Search & Rescue

Alert local search and rescue teams. Use visual and auditory signals such as mirrors, whistles, and smoke to draw rescuers’ attention and alert them to your location for evacuation. Keep a solar phone charger in your survival kit to stay connected, especially if you’re travelling alone.

8. Use Everything

Make use of everything available to you and be resourceful .  For example, you’d have to start using a plastic bag, a length of para cord, duct tape as the primary components of a shelter that protects you from the wind and rain.

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Be Prepared - Expect The Unexpected

Certain outdoor activities are more dangerous than others. Survival in the wilderness necessitates extensive survival equipment, including but not limited to food, water, maps, protective clothing, and first aid, as well as mental and physical fortitude. 

Preparing and learning the fundamentals of wilderness travel and survival skills will ensure that you come home safely. You’ll gain the self-assurance and knowledge you need to survive and thrive on your own adventure. 

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